Black and Minority Women more likely to be Business Owners than White Women

It is past time for business analysts and researchers to give more specific attention to the entrepreneurial dynamics of minority women – rather than continuing to lump them into the category of all minorities. According to a new census survey, women owned 20.5% of the nation’s 5.2 million employer-based firms in 2014. However, minority women owned a much higher percentage of all minority firms, and Black women owned an even higher percentage of Black-owned employer-based firms, in comparison to white women.

On September 1, 2016, the Census Bureau released a new survey entitled, Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs (ASE).  The survey is based on data collected from a sample of approximately 290,000 employer-based businesses that operated during 2014. An employer-based business is defined as an enterprise with one or more full-time employees. In the future, the results will be released on an annual basis and will serve as a supplement to the Census Bureau’s five-year Survey of Business Owners.  The ASE provides a timelier examination of the nation’s business owners specified by race, gender, and ethnicity.

The ASE illustrates some noteworthy dynamics on gender ownership characteristics by race and ethnicity. Across racial and ethnic groups, women owned 20.5% of all employer-based firms in 2014. However, minority women were much more likely to be owners of employer-based businesses than were white women. In particular, while white women owned 19.6% of all white-owned employer businesses, minority women owned 26.8% of all employer-based firms owned by minorities.

Even more notable, Black women had the highest percentage ownership rates in comparison to other minorities and to white women. Black women owned 35.1% of all Black-owned employer-based firms. The next highest group was Native Americans women. They owned 29.2% of all Native American-owned employer-based firms. The third was Asian women, they owned 27.1%, and the fourth was Hispanic/Latino women (24.3%). White women had the lowest percentage ownership among racial and ethnic groups, 19.6%.

The table below illustrates the findings. It suggests that policymakers and business analysts should start giving more attention to business dynamics among minority women, and stop simply combining them into the category of all minorities. In our next post, we will look at the differences in revenue of employer-based businesses by gender, race, and ethnicity.

2014 Gender and Race/Ethnic Ownership of Employer-based Firms
Annual Survey of Entrepreneurs
Employer-based Firm Category All Employment Based Firms Women-owned Employer Firms Women Percent of Firms in Group
All Firms                   5,165,806   1,057,254 20.5%
Minority-owned                      949,318      254,260 26.8%
Nonminority-owned                   4,141,816      799,254 19.3%
White-Owned                   4,441,550      868,525 19.6%
Black-owned                      108,473        38,038 35.1%
Native American-owned                        26,757          7,810 29.2%
Asian-Owned                      506,595      137,321 27.1%
Hispanic/Latino-owned                      298,563        72,542 24.mi
About Thomas_Danny_Boston 28 Articles
Danny Boston is an economist, writer, and entrepreneur. He is professor emeritus of Economics and International Affairs at Georgia Tech and for 25 years served as CEO of EuQuant, an economic research company. Today, Danny publishes the blog GazelleIndex.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.